(See the Storyboard at Thornwick Bay)
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The whole character of Flamborough Head is determined by the underlying rocks, and the way in which they have been sculpted by North Sea storms. The relatively hard Chalk resists erosion, so forming a peninsula which protrudes an enormous 6km into the North Sea, presenting a hazard to shipping for centuries.
The clearly visible layers in the Chalk were made as the calcareous muds accumulated on the sea bed around 75 million years ago, in warm sub-tropical seas. These layers have given rise to the ledges - now perfect nest sites for our spectacular seabirds.
Beneath the waves the Chalk forms a hard rocky submarine platform - left behind as the cliffs have retreated. This forms the perfect hard base for marine creatures to attach themselves, and make their homes.
Faults and fractures criss-cross the rocks, and these have been eroded by the waves - sometimes rolling in all the way from the Arctic Circle. As a result the Headland has a labyrinth of caves, towering stacks, platforms and sheltered sandy bays - ideal for exploring, rock-pooling, and maybe even sun-bathing!
Explore and enjoy the Headland, stand on the cliff tops and gaze out towards the Arctic, and look out for those ever present connections to the rocks as you go.