The seas around the protected area are rich in marine wildlife and the unique underwater landscape is largely due to the nature of the headland's geology. Chalk extends 6km offshore to form Europe's largest chalk reef, while the erosive power of the sea has created over 200 submerged and semi-submerged sea caves.


Crevices in the rock provide habitat for crabs and lobsters, (the main stay of the local fishing community) while anemones, sponges, and hydroids carpet the seafloor. The Kelp attaches itself by way of a holdfast, forming dense forests that support many other types of seaweed, alongside sea urchins, colourful anemones and other colourful marine invertebrates such as bryozoans and ascidians. The 200 mile long Flamborough front brings nutrient rich water to the headland, concentrating food for fish, seabirds, seals and cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises).


Diving at Flamborough by Reg Thomson